James Burns headshot
JB

James T. Burns

Associate Professor
Unit: School of Engineering and Applied Science
Department: Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Office location and address
Wilsdorf Hall, Room 318
395 McCormick Rd
Charlottesville, Virginia 22903
Education
​B.S. Engineering Mechanics (Materials) Minor: Mathematics; US Air Force Academy, 2002
​M.S. Materials Science and Engineering; University of Virginia, 2006
​Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering; University of Virginia, 2010
Biography

Our research is primarily directed towards investigating environmental fracture in structural metals, including ultra-high strength steels, 5xxx and 7xxx-series aluminium, and Ni-based superalloys. In particular, the group strives to understand how the environment influences the properties and performance of these structural metals.

Elucidating the contribution of crack-tip oxidation and localized deformation to the high temperature fatigue cracking of nickel-base superalloys
Source: Rolls-Royce Corporation
October 01, 2018 – December 31, 2024
Harnessing mechanistic understanding to inform fracture mechanics based modeling of corroded airframe structural components
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
May 01, 2019 – April 30, 2024
Study of the Relative Localized Corrosion and Cracking Susceptibility of Additively Manufactured and Wrought Corrosion Resistant Alloys
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
June 01, 2018 – May 31, 2023
Measurement and Modeling of the Embrittlement of Martensitic Stainless Steels
Source: Rolls-Royce Corporation
April 08, 2021 – March 31, 2023
Development and Experimental Validation of Pitting and SCC Models for Welded Stainless Steel Dry Storage Containers Exposed to Atmospheric Environments
Source: U.S. Department Of Energy Ntl Lab - Idaho
October 01, 2019 – September 30, 2022
Metal Rich Primers to Mitigate Multiple Forms of Corrosion Including Environmental Cracking for High Performance Alloys
Source: U.S. Air Force Academy
June 01, 2018 – May 31, 2022
Multi-Modal Sensing of Sensitization of Stress Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility in AA5xxx Alloys
Source: Luna Innovations, Inc.
February 28, 2020 – March 03, 2022
EN-MSE Understanding and modeling the inhibitor-based mitigation of atmospherically induced structural degradation of galvanically coupled airframe components
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
January 01, 2017 – September 29, 2021
Coating Based Mitigation of IGC and IG-SCC Degradation in Atmospheric Environments
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
July 01, 2018 – June 29, 2021
Elucidating the Contribution of Crack-Tip Oxidation to the High Temperature Fatigue Cracking of Nickel-base Superalloys
Source: Virginia Space Grant Consortium
August 01, 2019 – May 31, 2021
Susceptibility of High Strength Shipbuilding Steels to Hydrogen Embrittlement Resulting from Zinc Primer
Source: CCAM Research Corporation
March 11, 2019 – March 31, 2020
SHUTDOWNDevelopment and Experimental Validation of Pitting and SCC Models for Welded Stainless Steel Dry Storage Containers Exposed to Atmospheric Environments
Source: U.S. Department Of Energy - Chicago
October 01, 2019 – February 28, 2020
Developing Tools for In Situ Characterization of Marine-Grade Aluminum Alloys
Source: Luna Innovations, Inc.
September 01, 2018 – December 16, 2019
EN-MSE Research by UVa in Support of Technical Corrosion Collaboration for Call 0015
Source: U.S. Air Force Academy
September 30, 2014 – September 29, 2019
EN-MSE The effect of high altitude environments on the dislocation structure evolution during fatigue cracking of legacy and next generation aerospace aluminum alloys
Source: U.S. DOD - Air Force - Afosr
August 15, 2016 – August 14, 2019
EN-MSE Effects of Coatings on Intergranular Corrosion and Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Al-Mg Alloys at Macro-Defects
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
May 01, 2015 – March 30, 2019
EN-MSE Mechanistic Studies of Intergranular Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking Under Atmospheric Exposure Conditions
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
May 27, 2016 – June 30, 2018
Effect of Atmospheric Environments on the Hydrogen Environment Assisted Cracking of High Strength Stainless Steels
Source: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, LTD.
August 21, 2017 – June 22, 2018
EN-DO Research in Support of SAIC's Strategic Alliance with UVA
Source: Science Applications Intrnl Corp
July 01, 2009 – December 31, 2017
EN-MSE The Effect of Hot-Corrosion on The Crack Formation Behavior of an Advanced Ni-Based Powder Metallurgy Disk Superalloy
Source: Elder Research, Inc.
June 11, 2015 – October 31, 2017
EN-MSE Collaborative University Research on Corrosion OUSD Education Intitiative
Source: U.S. Air Force Academy
October 01, 2013 – September 30, 2017
EN-MSE-Correlating FIB/TEM and HR-EBSD Representations of the Plasticity Condition in the Near-Crack Tip Region of Structural Metals
Source: Old Dominion University Research Foundation
June 01, 2016 – May 31, 2017
EN-MSE The Influence of Strengthening Precipitate Morphology on Hydrogen Environment Assised Crackin Behavior in Ni-Based Superalloys
Source: Virginia Space Grant Consortium
June 01, 2015 – May 31, 2017
EN-MSE Mechanistic Studies of Intergranular Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking Under Atmospheric Exposure Conditions
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
March 28, 2014 – March 31, 2017
EN-MSE Understanding and Modeling the Influence of Galvanic Coupling on the Structural Degradation of Airframe Components
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
October 01, 2013 – December 31, 2016
EN-MSE Understanding and Modeling the Pit-to-Crack Transition in Steels for High Temperature Applications
Source: Rolls-Royce Corporation
February 28, 2014 – September 30, 2016
EN-MSE Assessing Heat-to-Heat Variations Affecting Mechanism Based Modeling of Hydrogen Environment Cracking (HEAC) in High Strength Alloys for Marine Applications: Monel K-500
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
March 15, 2012 – December 31, 2015
Managing Environmental Impacts on Time-Cycle Dependent Structural Integrity of High Performance DoD Alloys
Source: SAFE Corporation
October 03, 2011 – July 31, 2015
The Impacts of Atmospheric Exposure on Structural Integrity of High Performance Aircraft Alloys
Source: U.S. DOD - Air Force - Other
July 07, 2010 – May 31, 2015
The Effect of Chloride Concentration on the Corrosion-Fatigue Behavior of Ultra-High Strength Steel
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
September 01, 2011 – February 28, 2015
EN-MSE Role of grain orientation, alloy composition/heat-treatment, and atmospheric conditions on th erates of intergranular corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking of Al-Mg alloys
Source: U.S. DOD - Navy - Office Of Naval Research (Onr)
June 15, 2013 – October 14, 2014
EN-MSE Mechanism-Based Approach to Development of Corrosion and Hydrogen Cracking Resistant Aircraft Alloys
Source: Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
March 28, 2012 – December 31, 2013
MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science
Credits: 3
The field of Materials Science drives technological innovations underlying all engineering fields. This course provides a scientific foundation to promote a rigorous understanding of materials from an atomistic to macroscopic viewpoint. Material systems (polymers, metals, ceramics, and electronic) are developed sequentially to provide a framework to explain the fundamental, physical origins of observable and important macro scale properties.
MSE 4320: Origins of Mechanical Behavior
Credits: 3
Develops understanding of material deformation and fracture in response to mechanical loading. Engineering and scientific principles are integrated in an approach that includes: (a) material property phenomenology,(b) test methods, (c) causal mechanisms at the atomic defect to microstructure scale, (d) governing continuum mechanics equations, and (e) problem solving. Plastic deformation and creep are understood based on elasticity theory and dislocation concepts. Fatigue and fracture are understood based on continuum fracture mechanics and microstructural damage mechanisms. Special Topics provide capstone descriptions of content, and engage the student with future challenges and opportunities. Prerequisite: MSE 3060 or MSE 2090 plus instructor permission.
MSE 4960: Special Project in Materials Science and Engineering
Credits: 1–6
A fourth year project in MSE, under the supervision of a faculty member, is designed to give undergraduate students an application of principles learned in the classroom. The work may be experimental or computational, and the student is expected to become proficient in techniques used to process, characterize, or model materials. The project should make use of design principles in the solution of a problem. Six hours in lab per week, notebook. Prerequisite: 4th year standing and prior approval by a faculty member who is project supervisor.
MSE 6320: Deformation and Fracture of Structural Materials
Credits: 3
Deformation and fracture are considered through integration of materials science microstructure and solid mechanics principles over a range of length scales, emphasizing the mechanical behavior of metallic-structural alloys and electronic materials. Metal deformation is understood based on elasticity theory and dislocation concepts. Fracture is understood based on continuum fracture mechanics and microstructural damage mechanisms. Additional topics include fatigue, elevated temperature behavior, material embrittlement, time-dependency, experimental design, damage-tolerant life prognosis, small-volume behavior, and material property modeling. Prerequisite: MSE 4320, or BS in MSE, or MSE 6050, or permission of instructor for graduate students outside of MSE.
MSE 6350: Physical Metallurgy of Light Alloys
Credits: 3
Develops the student's literacy in aluminum and titanium alloys used in the aerospace and automotive industries. Considers performance criteria and property requirements from design perspectives. Emphasizes processing-microstructure development, and structure-property relationships. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
MSE 8999: Masters Degree Research
Credits: 1–12
Formal record of student commitment to master's thesis research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. May be repeated as necessary.
MSE 9970: Graduate Teaching Instruction-Ph.D.
Credits: 1–12
For doctoral students.
MSE 9999: PHD Dissertation Research
Credits: 1–12
Formal record of student commitment to doctoral research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. May be repeated as necessary.

US Air Force Commendation Medal 2009

Academic All-Mountain West Conference - Football, USAFA 2001