James Howe headshot
JH

James M. Howe

Professor
Director
Faculty Advisor
Unit: School of Engineering and Applied Science
Department: Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Office location and address
Wilsdorf Hall Room 118
140 Chemistry Dr
Charlottesville, Virginia 22903
Education
​B.S. University of Kentucky, 1978
​M.S. University of California - Berkeley, 1983
​Ph.D. University of California - Berkeley, 1985
Biography

My research emphasizes two main areas: i) the application of in-situ high-resolution and analytical transmission electron microscope techniques to study mechanisms of phase transformations and the structure and properties of interphase boundaries at the atomic level, and ii) the use of valence electron energy-loss spectroscopy (plasmons) to understand and determine the physical properties of nanoscale materials and interfaces. In addition to selected publications provided below, I have authored or co-authored the following books in these research areas: "Interfaces in Materials" (1997), “In-Situ Electron Microscopy” (2012), and “Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials” (4th edition 2013). I have also had the pleasure of being a visiting professor at Osaka University (2006) and the University of Vienna (2007), and being involved in organizing the International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Materials (PTM) since 1994.

Properties and Behavior of Transformation Interfaces in Metal Alloys
Source: U.S. NSF - Directorate Math. & Physical Sciences
September 01, 2011 – August 31, 2016
MSE 4960: Special Project in Materials Science and Engineering
Credits: 1–6
A fourth year project in MSE, under the supervision of a faculty member, is designed to give undergraduate students an application of principles learned in the classroom. The work may be experimental or computational, and the student is expected to become proficient in techniques used to process, characterize, or model materials. The project should make use of design principles in the solution of a problem. Six hours in lab per week, notebook. Prerequisite: 4th year standing and prior approval by a faculty member who is project supervisor.
MSE 6010: Electronic and Crystal Structure of Materials
Credits: 3
Provides a fundamental understanding of the structure of crystalline and non-crystalline engineering materials from electronic to macroscopic properties. Topics include symmetry and crystallography, the reciprocal lattice and diffraction, quantum physics, bonding and band theory. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
MSE 6130: Transmission Electron Microscopy
Credits: 3
Emphasizes the fundamental principles of transmission electron microscopy and illustrates its capabilities for characterizing the internal structures of materials by diffraction, imaging and spectroscopic techniques; includes weekly laboratory exercises. Prerequisite: MSE 6010 or instructor permission.
EP 7000: Graduate Seminar
Credits: 1
Weekly seminars for graduate students in Engineering Physics offered every semester. All resident EP graduate students enroll each semester.
MSE 7130: Advanced Electron Microscopy
Credits: 3
Emphasis placed on the applications of advanced techniques of transmission and scanning electron microscopy to modern research problems in materials science and engineering. Microdiffraction and microanalysis, lattice imaging, and convergent beam diffraction in TEM and STEM are treated. In SEM, quantitative probe analysis techniques and back scattered electron imaging and channeling are covered. Prerequisite: MSE 6130 or instructor permission.
MSE 7592: Advanced Topics in Materials Science
Credits: 1–3
An advanced level study of special topics related to developments in materials science. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.
MSE 7820: Materials Science Seminar
Credits: 1
Broad topics and in-depth subject treatments are presented. The course is related to research areas in materials science and involves active student participation.
MSE 7993: Independent Study
Credits: 1–12
Detailed study of graduate course material on an independent basis under the guidance of a faculty member.
MSE 8999: Masters Degree Research
Credits: 1–12
Formal record of student commitment to master's thesis research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. May be repeated as necessary.
EP 8999: Master's Degree Research
Credits: 1–12
Formal record of student commitment to master's thesis research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. May be repeated as necessary.
MSE 9970: Graduate Teaching Instruction-Ph.D.
Credits: 1–12
For doctoral students.
EP 9999: Ph.D. Dissertation Research
Credits: 1–12
Formal record of commitment to doctoral research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. May be repeated as necessary.
MSE 9999: PHD Dissertation Research
Credits: 1–12
Formal record of student commitment to doctoral research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. May be repeated as necessary.