Crystal Toll

Assistant Professor
Unit: School of Nursing
Department: School of Nursing
Office location and address
Richmond, Virginia 23228
NUIP 2420: Pathophysiology and Clinical Management I
Credits: 3
The focus of the course is presentation of information necessary for an understanding of the mechanisms of disease and the body's ability to respond to such challenges throughout the life span. The course is intended to provide basic pathologic mechanisms and present a general survey of disease in conjunction with Pathophysiology and Clinical Management II.
NUCO 3110: Patient-Family Centered Care: Adult-Gero Nursing in Acute Care
Credits: 4
This required course covers the nursing care of adult patients with common illnesses and conditions requiring medical and/or surgical treatment in acute health care settings.
NUIP 3420: Pathophysiology and Clinical Management II
Credits: 3
Pathophysiology and Clinical Management II is the second of two courses with a focus on concepts of pathophysiology essential to understanding disease and the body's ability to respond to such challenges, and health management throughout the life span. The course builds on concepts of pathologic mechanisms and disease within a systems framework in conjunction with Pathophysiology and Clinical Management I.
NUCO 4056: Introduction to Health Policy
Credits: 3
Intro. health policy & its impact on organizational, local, national, & global issues of access, equity, quality, safety, & social justice in the practice environ. Social, ethical, economic, & political issues that affect the delivery of health & nursing services are analyzed. The role of RNs in advocating & influencing change thru the devel. & imprv. of healthcare policies for patients, the nursing profession, & healthcare systems are explored.
NUCO 4110: Patient-Family Centered Care: Complex and Transitional Care
Credits: 4
This course builds on previous Adult Health courses and prepares students to plan and deliver care in a wider variety of settings and on a more complex level. Half the semester will be spent studying critical care nursing concepts while gaining clinical experience in intensive care. The other half will be devoted to nursing care in transitional care settings, with a goal of facilitating patient transition from one setting to the next.
NUCO 4420: Foundations of Professional Nursing
Credits: 3
This course is the first course for students enrolled in the RN to BSN program. Course content includes standardized taxonomies, interprofessional collaboration, career exploration, and development of skills in information technology, professional writing and presentation. Emphasis is on identifying and analyzing scholarly literature, critical thinking and analysis, and refining communication skills through written and oral presentations.
NUCO 4435: Transition to Baccalaureate Nursing Practice
Credits: 1
This course analyzes and synthesizes knowledge, problem solving strategies, and experience from nursing education (prior and new) to cultivate clinical reasoning, inter-professional collaboration, and self-reflection. In addition, students incorporate professional development strategies that foster professional growth. Advance standing credits for prior nursing education are awarded upon successful completion of the course.
NUCO 4440: Trends and Issues in Clinical Nursing Practice
Credits: 3
This course expands the student's understanding of baccalaureate generalist practice, societal and health care trends, and emerging clinical nursing practice issues. Students propose solutions within the scope of nursing practice to address these issues. Students complete experiential learning projects focused on current trends and issues in health care, building upon their own nursing practice and previous learning experiences.
NUCO 4450: Population and Public Health Nursing
Credits: 3
This course enhances the student's application of concepts used in population-focused nursing practice to promote and protect health in communities and populations and respond to public health threats. Students analyze relationships between determinants of health as they relate to the health of populations local to global, especially vulnerable populations. Students complete an experiential learning project focused on one community/population.
NUIP 4610: Leadership and Management in Health Care Systems
Credits: 3
This course integrates management knowledge, concepts, and theory with practical experience within health care situations to prepare students for beginning leadership roles in existing/emerging delivery systems. This class explores the professional nurse's role in creating the envisioned patient centered, effective health care delivery organization of the future. Students complete an experiential learning project focused on quality improvement.
GCNL 5100: Health Assessment and Clinical Interventions
Credits: 4
Focuses on acquiring, analyzing, and refining of health assessment data to develop an accurate nursing problem list. Considers normal variations and abnormalities of different developmental, cultural, and ethnic groups. Introduces therapeutic communication, psychomotor skills, and interpersonal skills in providing care. The laboratory portion allows the student to practice assessment and clinical intervention skills in a simulated environment. Prerequisite: Admission to Clinical Nurse Leader program.
GCNL 5170: Clin Prac & Decision-Making: Nursing Care of Ind w/ Complex Health Problems
Credits: 3
The course focuses on the use of the nursing process in the management of complex health problems, with particular emphasis on the collaborative and independent functions of the nurse in an intensive, specialty, and technologically advanced care environment. Prerequisite: GCNL 5130.